ORPHEUS 2011 - The Sixth Conference

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Vienna Consensus Paper



ORPHEUS (Organisation for PhD Education in Biomedicine and Health Sciences in the European System)





Convened in Vienna on 8-10 April 2010


(hereafter referred to as the "ORPHEUS Vienna Consensus")

1. Foreword

ÑMobility is an integral part of doctoral education at many universities. Higher education institutions should support enhanced mobility at doctoral level within the framework of inter-institutional collaboration as an element of their broader international strategy. (Bologna Seminar 2006).

The 5th ORPHEUS 2010 Conference in Vienna, with 196 participants, representing 114 institutions from 39 countries discussed and reached the following consensus:

Mobility of PhD students and young researchers is one of the core elements of the Bologna Process. Developing international cooperation and networking is necessary to enhance the quality of PhD education and research, and to increase competitiveness of PhD education in Europe.

Many countries in Europe are still not adequately integrated within the European area of health research and are not adequately visible in on-line data bases. In smaller universities critical mass that ensures quality can be obtained through wider cooperation and networking. International cooperation and networking between universities and with other scientific institutions, international scientific associations, and industry are prerequisites for overcoming isolation.

Article 1

Meaningful collaboration and networking is easier among institutions with comparable standards. Institutions in Europe with PhD programmes in biomedicine and health sciences are urged to adopt ORPHEUS standards. †

Article 2

International PhD programmes are a means to increasing international collaboration and excellence. ORPHEUS supports in particular collaborative PhD programmes established on the basis of existing research collaboration. Methods should be established to acknowledge both achievements of the student at the host institution and the contribution of the host institution.

While the conventional system of ECTS may be easily applied for taught courses, this system is less appropriate for research work. Thus, time spent at different laboratories may rather be expressed as equivalents of full-time employment.

Article 3

Joint PhD programmes are based on collaborations between partners. This co-operation can be initiated as interaction at the level of different laboratories ("bottom-up") or through implementation by the administrative heads of universities ("top-down"). The interaction between partners of joint PhD programmes should be formalized. This can range from an acknowledgment of the programme or of individual projects, to a memorandum of understanding or contract between partner institutions.

RPHEUS recognizes that funding is currently being given for support of joint PhD programmes. However, it is also recognized that such programmes are difficult to arrange. Therefore, ORPHEUS recommends that funding for collaborative PhD studies might be in general a better way of supporting internationalization of PhD studies.

Article 4

Neither financial nor administrative restrictions should prevent the most talented European young scientists from entering an appropriate European PhD programme. The access to participate in them should be based on qualifications of the applying students.

PhD programmes should seek to limit the financial barriers that prevent international students from participating in their courses and research work. Thus, ORPHEUS should encourage doctoral schools to better define financial support instruments to encourage mobility.

Availability of PhD programs in Europe and access criteria to them should be transparent (published in the Internet in English). The access to participate in them should be based primarily on the skills and qualifications of the applying students. Enrolment of students in PhD programmes should also be transparent.Lists of potential supervisors, available projects etc should be publicly available in English language on the programmes' home page.

Article 5

All institutions should allow and stimulate their PhD students to spend some time in foreign institutions through courses or research projects as appropriate.

Article 6

In order to avoid one-way brain drain and encourage brain circulation (in particular for less developed countries) measures should be implemented to facilitate the return of young researchers to their home countries (e.g. with the help of collaborative projects and special funds). Also the research environment in the home institute should meet the needs of the returning PhD. In further career development into academic positions one should have transparent selection processes based on qualification. Students who decide to stay abroad should where possible be involved in enhancing international collaboration. †

Article 7

Scientific societies should be involved in establishing networks to encourage international PhD programmes.

Article 8

ORPHEUS should encourage the drafting of a general/ simple blueprint contract as a basis for good working practices between academia and industry.

Quality control criteria for PhD studies based on partnership between academia and industry should be consistent with general academic standards. These should include peer review of project, and contract-based partnership dealing with: funding, definition of the objectives of the partners, duties/rights, pr (patents and publications), confidentiality, supervision/mentoring, conflict handling, educational programme, and mobility.



Contribution from following workshops is acknowledged:


Joint degrees
Chair: Andrea Olschweski, Michael John Mulvany


National and international joint PhD programmes
Chair: Stefan Bˆhm, Michael Wolzt


Partnership academia and industry
Chair: Akos Heinemann, Chris von Schravendijk


Partnership academia and scientific societies
Chair: Catherine Sautes-Fridman, Karl Kuchler


Brain drain/brain gain
Chair: Irene Lang, Zdravko Lackovic


Promotion of mobility of students from less developed European countries
Chair: Wilfried Ellmeier, Seppo Meri




?††††††††† UNESCO / OECD 2005 guidelines for quality provision in cross-border higher education, 2005, http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/27/51/35779480.pdf


?††††††††† Nerad M, Heggelund M (eds): Toward a Global PhD, Univ Washington Press 2008


?††††††††† ORPHEUS consensus documents 2004, 2005, 2007, 2009 (http://www.orpheus-med.org/ click on "documents")


?††††††††† Doctoral Programmes for the European Knowledge Society, Bologna Seminar, Salzburg, 3-5 February 2005, see www.eua.be


?††††††††† Matching Ambition with Responsibilities and Resources. Bologna Seminar, Nice, 7-9, December 2006, see www.eua.be


?††††††††† Realising the European Higher Education Area. CommuniquÈ of the Conference of Ministers responsible for Higher Education in Berlin on 19 September 2003 (see www.eua.be).


?††††††††† Towards the European Higher Education Area: responding to challenges in a globalised world, CommuniquÈ of the Conference of Ministers responsible for Higher Education in London, 18 May 2007


?††††††††† The European Higher Education Area -Achieving the Goals. CommuniquÈ of the Conference of European Ministers Responsible for Higher Education, Bergen, 19-20 May 2005


(The ´ORPHEUS Vienna Position Paper ª was adopted at ORPHEUS 2010 Fifth European Conference in Vienna 8th-10th April 2010, by 196 participants representing 114 institutions from 39 European countries)

Aricle will be open for comments, for registered users only,† till June 1st


ORPHEUS Annual Conference

2010 ORPHEUS General Assembly

Saturday, April 10, 2010. 12:30 at AGH, Vienna Medical  University



Chair: Prof. Michael Mulvany, Prof. Jadwiga Mirecka, Zdravko Lackovic

1.    Agenda proposal

2.    Annual report of the ORPHEUS activities between two general Assemblies, by ORPHEUS General Secretary, Prof. Seppo Meri

3.    Annual financial report, by ORPHEUS  Acting Treasurer, Prof. Guenther Gell

4.    Proposed agenda for future ORPHEUS development and plan of activities for the next three-year term,  by ORPHEUS President, Prof. Zdravko Lacković

5.    Proposal for 6th ORPHEUS 2010 Conference to be held in Izmir, Turkey, presented by Prof.  Gul Guner- Akdogan, Dokuz Elylul University, Graduate School do Health Sciences,

6.    Elections / Proposal for new Executive Committee members

7.    Any other business



ORPHEUS 2004 Conference participants

Invited lecturer

Organization / University


Address, E-mail, phone, fax

Dr. Vincenzo Costigliola, MD

European Medical Association (EMA)


Bruxelles, Belgium

Petr Hach, MD

Asociation of Medical Schools in Europe (AMSE),


Prague, Czeck Republic

Dr. Guy Haug Expert on the European Higher Education Area (Bologna process),   Brussels, Belgium

Dr. Cees C. Leibbrandt, MD

European Union of Medical Specialist (UEMS)

Former (1999-2002) Secretary General

Nijmegen, The Netherlands


Professor Helena Jasna Mencer

University of Zagreb


Zagreb, Trg Maršala Tita 5

HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Professor Jadwiga Mirecka, MD, PhD Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE) Member of the Executive Committee  

Prof. Charles Normand, DPhil

Association of Schools of Public Health in the European Region (ASPHER) and

University of Dublin, Trinity College

President of ASPHER Executive Board

3 Foster Place

Dublin 2, Ireland


Phone: 353 1 608 3075

Professor Hans Joachim Seitz, MD

German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), South-Eastern-European-Cooperation, Curriculum Reform in Medicine,

University Hamburg-Eppendorf

Hamburg, Germany

Professor László Vécsei, MD, PhD, DSc

University of Szeged

Albert Szent-Gyorgyi Medical and Pharmaceutical Center, Faculty of General Medicine, Szeged, Hungary

Director of the Experimental and Clinical Neuroscience PhD program, Department of Neurology

Semmelweis Str. 6

6725 Hungary





Participant's position Department

Addres, mail, phone, fax

University of Mostar

Medical School

Prof. Filip Culo, MD, PhD


Bijeli brijeg bb

88000 Mostar, Bosnia&Herzegovina



University of Sarajevo, Medical School Prof. Jadranka Dizdarevic, MD, PhD Vice Dean for Undergraduate Studies  Cekaluša 90, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia&Herzegovina

+387 (33) 663-743

Prof. Benjamin Vojnikovic, MD, PhD Secretary General of the Medical School

University of Tuzla, Medical School

Prof. Lejla Begic, MD, PhD

Vice Dean for Science

Univerzitetska 1, 75000 Tuzla, Bosnia&Herzegovina



Prof. Osman Sinanovic, MD, PhD PhD Programme Director
Prof. Husref Tahirovic, MD, PhD  


Higher Medical Institute of Pleven Prof. Maria Simeonova, MD, PhD Head of Medical Genetics Department 1 St. Kliment Ohridski St.

Pleven, 5800, Bulgaria


J.J. Strossmayer University Osijek, Medical School Assist. Prof. Ante Tvrdeic, MD, PhD Vice Dean Josipa Huttlera 4, 31 000 Osijek, Croatia



Assoc. Prof. Gordan Lauc, MD, PhD Vice Dean
University of Rijeka, Medical School Prof. Miljenko Kapovic, M.D.Ph.D.  Dean B. Branchetta 20, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia


+385 (51) 651-131

Prof. Andelka Radojcic Badovinac, M.D.,Ph.D. Vice Dean for postgraduate studies Department of biology and medical genetics
Prof. Dragica Bobinac, M.D.Ph.D Vice Dean for graduate studies
Prof. Luka Zaputovic, M.D.Ph.D. Vice Dean for the science
Assist. Prof. Zlatko Trobonjaca, M.D.,Ph.D.  

University of Split, Medical School

Prof. Mladen Boban, MD, PhD


Šoltanska 2,

21000 Split, Croatia


Prof. Marijan Saraga, MD, PhD

Vice Dean

Prof. Mirna Saraga Babic, MD, PhD


Prof. éeljko Dujic, MD, PhD

Coordinator of Postgraduate Studies

Prof. Stjepan Gamulin, MD, PhD

Head of Postgraduate Studies Commitee

Marita Mimica, psychologist

Head of Postgraduate Studies Department

University of Zagreb, Medical School

Prof. Zdravko Lackovic, MD, PhD

PhD Program Director, Deputy Dean fro Postgraduate Studeis Department of Pharmacology

Šalata 3b,

HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia





Prof. Boris Labar, MD, PhD

Dean Chair of Internal Medicine


Prof. Marija Dominis, MD, PhD

Deputy Dean fro Postgraduate Studeis Department of Pathology

Prof. Nada Cikeš, MD, PhD

ECTS coordinator

Chair of Internal Medicine

University of Zagreb, Medical School, Andrija Štampar School of Public Health

Prof. Stjepan Oreškovic, PhD

School Director

Department of Medical Sociology

Rockefeller St. 4

HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia




Prof. Luka Kovacic, MD, PhD

School Deputy Director

Department of Social Medicine and Organization of Health Care

Prof. Jadranka Božikov, PhD

PhD Program Deputy Director

Department of Medical Statistics, Epidemiology and Medical Informatics

Charles University in Prague, First Faculty of Medicine

Prof. MUDr. Stanislav Štípek, DrSc.

Vice Dean for Pedagogical Affairs

Katerinská 32

Praha 2, CZ-121 08,

Czek Republic


University of Helsinki, Faculty of Medicine, Finland

Prof. Seppo Meri, MD, PhD

Head of the Committee for Postgraduate Scientific Studies in Medicine

University of Helsinki


University of Dublin, Trinity College

Prof. Charles Normand, DPhil


3 Foster Place

Dublin 2, Ireland


Phone: 353 1 608 3075

University of Pavia

Faculty of Medicine and Surgery

Prof. Alberto Calligaro

Deputy Dean of the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery,

Full Professor of Histology

University of Pavia

Via Forlanini 10

27100 Pavia, Italy


tel. +39 (0)382 507273

fax +39 (0)382 528330

Sts. Cyril and Methodios University Skopje, Medical School

Prof. Magdalena éanteva Naumoska, MD, PhD

Vice Dean

50 Divizija 6

1000 Skopje, Macedonia


Prof. Ljubica Georgijevski.Ismail, MD, PhD,FESC

Institut za srcevi zaboluvanja

Vodnjanska 17

1000 Skopje, Macedonia


Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Faculty of Medicine

Ms. Anne Britt Storeng

Senior Executive Officer, Research Administration


N-7489 Trondheim, Norway


Prof. Alf O. Brubakk

Professor of Environmental Physiology

ISB, Medical Technology Centre, 7489 Trondheim, Norway


University of Oslo, Faculty of Medicine

Sigrid Bergseng

Senior Executive Officer and Head of PhD Program

University Administration RH/Dnr/Ahus/Heled

P.O.Box 1171, Blindern,

0318 Oslo, Norway


Jageiellonian University Medical School

Prof. Jadwiga Mirecka, MD, PhD

Department of Medical Education

Kopernika 19E/1, 31-501 Kraków, Poland jmirecka@cm-uj.krakow.pl


Poznan University of Medical Sciences

Prof. Maciej Zabel, PhD

Head of PhD Program

Department of Histology

Swiecickiego 6,

60-781 Poznan, Poland


Medical Centre of Postgraduate Education Warsaw

Zbigniew Wegrzyn, MD

Department of Education and Quality Assessment

Kleczewska 61

01-826 Warsawa, Poland

wegrzyn@cmkp.edu.pl Phone/fax: +48 22 8347905

Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca

Prof. Petru Adrian Mircea

Vice-president of the University

Dept. Internal Medicine

Emil Isac st., no. 13, 3400, Cluj-Napoca, Romania


University of Niš, School of Medicine

Dr. Goran Nikolic

Vice Dean

Brace Taskovic 81

18000 Niš, Serbia&Montenegro


University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine

Prof. Nevena Secen, MD, PhD

Vice Dean for foreign communication and foreign students

Hajduk Veljkova 3

21000 Novi Sad, Serbia&Montenegro


Comenius University, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine

Prof. Kamil Javorka, MD, DSc

Vice Dean for PhD Study

Str. Zaborskeho N.2 036 01 Martin, Slovak Republic


University of Navarra, Medical School

Prof. Alfonso Sánchez Ibarrola


Irunlarrea, 1

31008 Pamplona (Navarra), Spain, vsobrini@unav.es

List of contributors who were not able to attend the Conference

University of Bielefeld, School of Public Health

Prof. Dr. Claudia Hornberg


P.O.Box 10 01 31, D-33501 Bielefeld, Germany


Hajo Zeeb, MD, MSc, PhD, acting Professor

Annette K.F. Malsch, PhD, researcher

Pécs University, Medical School

Prof. Emil Fischer, MD, PhD

President of PhD Program

Pécs, Hungary


University of Kragujevac, Medical Faculty

Prof. Slobodan Jankovic, M.D., M.A., Ph.D,

Vice-dean for research,

Professor of Pharmacology

Department of Pharmacology

Ul. Svetozara Markovica 69

34000 Kragujevac, Serbia&Montenegro


Tel. 064/1168103

Fax. 034/370073

University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Medicine

Prof. Lovro Stanovnik

Institute of Pharmalogy

Korytkova 2

1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija

lovro.stanovnik@mf.uni-lj.si Tel: (1) 543 7337

University of Bern, Medical Faculty

Dr. Marlene Wolf

Theodor Kocher Institute

Freierstrasse 1,

CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland


Tel: +41 31 631 4150

Fax: +41 31 631 3799





8th ORPHEUS 2013 Conference will be held in Prague, Czech Republic, April 25 ñ 27, 2013.

8th ORPHEUS 2013 Conference will be held in Prague, Czech Republic, April 25 – 27, 2013.

Conferece web site


ORPHEUS Workshop "PhD Study from the Student¥s View"

organized by


Organisation for PhD Education in Biomedicine and Health Sciences in the European System


Jessenius Faculty of Medicine in Martin

Comenius University, Slovakia

October 11-13, 2012

Jessenius Faculty of Medicine in Martin, Comenius University (CU), SLOVAKIA



October 11-13,2012, JFMED CU, Sk is organizing ORPEHUS Workshop: "PhD Study from the Studen¥s View"

October 11-13, 2012,  Jessenius Faculty of Medicine in Martin, Comenius University (CU), Slovakia is organizing ORPEHUS Workshop:  "PhD Study from the Student´s View"