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Slovenia University of Maribor


Link of postgraduate study Biomedical Technology:



In the last decades medical science has experienced stunning advancement, visible in many fields medicine is being intertwined with. Unavoidable intertwinement of medicine and other natural and humanistic science branches has resulted in technological advancement, which could be mastered only by the professionals with interdisciplinary knowledge. Important part of the particularly fast advancement in the field of interdisciplinary knowledge linked with medicine is happening in the field of technical knowledge. Usage of new materials, up-to date information technology, development of electronics, robotics, opto-electronics – are all fields which are accompanying modern medicine. Biomedical technology in Slovenia is a new postgraduate program, which interdisciplinary connect natural-technical science with medicine. There was no this kind of postgraduate study program in Slovenia before. Program, presented in this brochure, tries to link interdisciplinary technical science with medical knowledge on postgraduate level.

University of Maribor formed and advertised postgraduate study program »Biomedical Technology« after positive references of the Council for High Education of the Republic of Slovenia (Decision No 4, Session on 15th April 2005) and all other necessary procedures. In the academic year 2005/2006, first students were enrolled.

Basic goals of the postgraduate – doctoral study of Biomedical

Technology Doctoral study goals:

  • to educate professionals who will be able to use and develop research methodology independently in the chosen interdisciplinary field;

  • to enable highly educated professionals to perform interdisciplinary research and development in the different modern medicine and technical fields;

  • education of professionals who will be able to raise their pedagogical knowledge to the more advanced – university level.

Goal of Biomedical Technology doctoral study program is to deepen researching knowledge about new biomaterials, usage of the up-to-date information technologies, electronics, robotics, etc, as well as development of the modern technology accompanying fields. Apart from theoretical themes, lectures, seminars and laboratory work, syllabus also demands fundamental, applicative and developmental researching project tasks.

After accomplishing doctoral study, candidates will be competent to carry out independent research and acquire new scientific recognitions, to develop new diagnostic and treatment methods in depth, and will be qualified for faster application of diagnostic and treatment methods from abroad. Candidates will also be able to conduct research clinical work, as well as applicative and fundamental research work in depth.

Throughout Biomedical Technology program we will strive to:

  • educate students in the field of biomedical technology

  • to enable basic and applicative research and clinical study within wide range of

  • biomedical technology, for example in health care, virtual medicine, telemedicine

  • public health and measurement procedures, analysis of bioelectrical signals

  • gerontotechnology, robotics, computing, modelling and analysis of the images

  • biomaterials in medicine, etc.

International comparability of the program and international cooperation of the Faculty of Medicine University of Maribor

Postgraduate study program Biomedical Technology is comparable with postgraduate study programs at the following foreign faculties and universities:

  1. Doctoral Study of Medical Sciences, Medical University, Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck, Austria;

  2. Health Technology, Medical Faculty University of Oulu, Finland;

  3. Biomedicine, Medical Faculty University of Copenhagen, Denmark;

  4. Postgraduate Program Medical Faculty, Karolin Institute, Stockholm, Sweden;

  5. Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Medical Faculty, Harvard University, USA.

Cooperation with other high and research institutions is being performed within the research task framework, and carriers of the postgraduate study subjects.

Curriculum, carriers and program credit evaluation

Biomedical Technology lasts 6 semesters (3 years). Study obligations of the whole programme are entirely in conformity with the Law and Measures of the Council of the Republic of Slovenia for Higher Education (ZViS, 36. in 37. Article). Study program is evaluated by ECTS – European Credit Transfer System. Thus the program can be directly included in the international student exchange programme with the countries also applying ECTS.

1st year:

Obligatory subjects:

Biomedical Informatics                             10 ECTS credits

Seminar                                                      5 ECTS credits

Individual research work – IRW                15 ECTS credits

                                                        =        30 ECTS credits

Six  basic subjects, of which students can chooses three, and gain

                                                           3 x 10 = 30 ECTS credits

2nd year: 

Candidate gains 15 ECTS credits (3 x 5) for three Optional subjects, with IRW that is 45 ECTS credits.

3rd year:

Candidate gains 60 ECTS credits with IRW, required for doctoral dissertation.

Credit evaluation of the program

Complete study program is evaluated according to ECTS. Study year is valid 60 ECTS credits, i.e. semester is valid 30 ECTS credits. There are three obligatory subjects valid 5, 10 and 15 ECTS credits. Each obligatory subject, with hours and ECTS credits. There are six basic subjects, of which students chose three. At the moment, there are 78 optional subjects, of which students choose three. Each subject is valid five ECTS credits. Syllabus will be implemented if there are at least five applied students, otherwise it will be carried out individually. Individual research work in the first study year is valid 15 ECTS credits, in the second year 45, and in the third year 60 ECTS credits.

Admission requirements

Admission requirements are accordant to the valid Law of High Education Act. Third degree Biomedical Technology study programme is available to the candidates who have accomplished:

  • Second degree study program of biomedicine and affiliated fields;

  • University study program of biomedicine and affiliated fields, accepted before 11th June 2004;

  • High school professional programme, accepted before 11th June 2004, and foundation study program in biomedicine and affiliated fields. Before enrolment, these candidates have to complete assignments awarded 60 ECTS credits;

  • Vocational study programme, defined by EU directives, if it is allocated 300 ECTS credits (e.g.: study of medicine, dentistry, veterinary, and renewed five-year pharmacy study program), or other master degree program allocated 300 ECTS credits;

  • Graduates from home and foreign universities have to follow the defined prerequisites and requisites prescribed for Slovenian students. Equivalence of the previously acquired education has to be in accordance with the Statute of the University of Maribor.

Candidates will be chosen according to the following criteria:

  • average study grades (15%)

  • diploma or master work grade (5%)

  • grade in elective (80%), consisting of the examination in medical, science and technical field. Candidate can compensate 40% of the examination grade for the grade on the previous scientific and professional work in the field of study programme.

Main criteria for scientific work are publications:

  • scientific monograph

  • independent scientific article in the monograph,

  • original scientific articles in the journals with index factor (JCR), or in the journals indexed in the data bases SCI, SSCI or A&HCI.

Main criteria for professional work are:

  • professional monograph or reviewing,

  • independent professional article in the monograph,

  • publicised professional contributions on the conferences,

  • professional articles and/or reviews of the same,

  • editorial of monograph or journal,

  • other forms of documented professional activities.

Study programme promotion prerequisites

Conditions for promotion into 2nd year are met when ALL study obligations from 1st year in the value of at least 45 ECTS credits are collected, and following first year obligatory syllabus accomplished:

  • Biomedical Informatics,

  • Seminar I, and

  • Individual research work – IRW.

Condition for promotion into 3rd year is met when ALL study obligations from 1st and 2nd year, valid 120 ECTS credits, are fulfilled. Enrolment into the third study year is also a dead line for students to submit application for evaluation of the chosen theme for doctoral work, as well as mentor’s approval.

Last study year is reserved for Individual Research Work – IRW, oriented to preparation of doctoral thesis (60 ECTS credits). Written doctoral work and its defending are prerequisites for finalisation of the study, as well as accomplishment of all the other obligations, collecting at least 180 ECTS credits. An article from the field of the doctorate, published in the SCI indexed review, or SSCI with the IF quotation, has to be submitted. An article which results from the doctoral thesis must be published after the enrolment to postgraduate study Biomedical Technology. Doctoral thesis has to be defended in front of the commission.

Obtaining of the scientific title

After doctoral postgraduate study programme has been successfully accomplished, a candidate is given the title Doctor of Science in Biomedical Technology.

10 most important articles of PhD students of the Faculty of Medicine University of Maribor

Impact factor


JOSTINS, Luke, MITROVIČ, Mitja, POTOČNIK, Uroš. Host-microbe interactions have shaped the genetic architecture of inflammatorybowel disease. Nature (Lond.), 2012, vol. 491, no. 7422, str. 119-124, doi: 10.1038/nature11582. [COBISS.SI-ID 512230968]




MRC Asymptomatic Carotid Surgery Trial (ACST) Collaborative Group, FLIS, Vojko, MIKSIĆ, Kazimir, ŠTIRN, Barbara, TETIČKOVIČ, Erih. Prevention of disabling and fatal strokes by successful carotid endarterectomy in patients without recent neurological symptoms: randomised controlled trial. Lancet (Br. ed.). [Print ed.], 2004, vol. 363, no. 9420, str. 1491-1502. [COBISS.SI-ID 1515071]




PAULMANN, Nils, GROHMANN, Maik, VOIGT, Jörg-Peter, BERT, Bettina, VOWINCKEL, Jakob, BADER, Michael, SKELIN, Maša, JEVŠEK, Marko, FINK, Heidrun, RUPNIK, Marjan, WALTHER, Diego J. Intracellular serotonin modulates insulin secretion from pancreatic ß-cells by protein serotonylation. PLoS biol., oct. 2009, vol. 7, iss. 10, str. [1-10], e1000229. http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.1000229, doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000229. [COBISS.SI-ID 63941377]




EKART, Robert, HOJS, Radovan, KANIČ, Vojko, PEČOVNIK-BALON, Breda, DVORŠAK, Benjamin. Different methods blood pressure measurements and cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis patients. J Hypertens, Jun. 2008, vol. 26, suppl. 1, str. S484. [COBISS.SI-ID 2989375]



1.12 Published scientific conference contribution abstract

EKART, Robert, HOJS, Radovan, KANIČ, Vojko, PEČOVNIK-BALON, Breda, BEVC, Sebastjan. Blood pressure measurements and carotid intima media thickness in hemodialysis patients. J Hypertens, Jun. 2008, vol. 26, suppl. 1, str. S495-S496. [COBISS.SI-ID 2989631]



1.12 Published scientific conference contribution abstract

LOPERT, Anton, RIJAVEC, Matija, ŽAVBI, Mateja, KOROŠEC, Peter, FLEŽAR, Matjaž. Asthma treatment outcome in adults is associated with rs9910408 in TBX21. Scientific reports, ISSN 2045-2322, 2013, 3, str. 1-6, ilustr. http://www.nature.com/srep/2013/131010/srep02915/full/srep02915.html, doi: 10.1038/srep02915. [COBISS.SI-ID 37168133]




CHINGWARU, Walter, MAJINDA, Runner T., YEBOAH, Sam O., JACKSON, Jose C., KAPEWANGOLO, Petrina T., KANDAWA-SHULZ, M., CENCIČ, Avrelija. Tylosema esculentum (Marama) tuber and bean extracts are strong antiviral agents against rotavirus infection. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine, v tisku, doi: 10.1155/2011/284795. [COBISS.SI-ID 3094572]




LAH, Katja, KRIŽMARIĆ, Miljenko, GRMEC, Štefek. The dynamic pattern of end-tidal carbon dioxide during cardiopulmonary resuscitation – difference between asphyxial cardiac arrest and ventricular fibrillation/pulseless ventricular tachycardia cardiac arrest. Crit. care (Lond., Online), 2011, vol. 15, no. 1, str. R13 [1-14]. http://ccforum.com/content/pdf/cc9417.pdf, doi: 10.1186/cc9417. [COBISS.SI-ID 3825215]




PROSEN, Gregor, KLEMEN, Petra, STRNAD, Matej, GRMEC, Štefek. Combination of lung ultrasound (a comet-tail sign) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide in differentiating acute heart failure from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma as cause of acute dyspnea in prehospital emergency setting. Critical care, ISSN 1466-609X, 2011, vol. 15, no. 2, str. R114. http://ccforum.com/content/pdf/cc10140.pdf, doi: 10.1186/cc10140. [COBISS.SI-ID 3911231] IF(2011)=4.607




KLEMENC-KETIŠ, Zalika, KERSNIK, Janko, GRMEC, Štefek. The effect of carbon dioxide on near-death experiences in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors: a prospective observational study. Crit. care (Lond., Online), 2010, vol. 14, no. 2, str. R56 [1-7].